TERNET stands for the “Tanzanian Education and Research Network”, a network (self-help 1 group) of high learning and research institution aiming at providing a platform for enabling sharing of education and research resource. TERNET was registered as a trustee on 11th April, 2008.
TERNET Membership is voluntary, members are those institutions under Tanzania Commi -

ssion for Universities (TCU), NACTE (National Council for Technical Education) and COSTECH
(Commission of Science and Technology).

As per the current constitution, TERNET has five organs:

  1. Board of Trustees - hold and own in trust all the property of TERNET and ensure
    the preservation, maintenance, development and proper or intended charitable
    purposes and use of such property.
  2. Council - it is the highest policy and decision making body of TERNET. Composed
    by all heads of institutions.
  3.  Executive Committee - responsible to the implementation of the mission, goal,
    objects and functions of TERNET and the functions, duties, decisions, resolutions
    and/or directives of the Council. Its composition is - selected Deputy Heads of
    institutions responsible for Research and Academic.
  4.  Technical Commitee - provide technical advice on such matters as are required
    or directed by the Executive Commitee or as are deemed necessary or appropriate
    by it self to provide to the Executive Committee for the effecient and effective
    implementation of any decision or matter reqired, approved or directed by the
    Executive Committee.
  5.  Secretariat - is the executive organ of TERNET, led by the Executive Secretary.


Yes. National Research and Education Network (NREN) exist in all African Countries, as well as in most advanced countries worldwide. TRENET is the Tanzania NREN .

This scientic community often uses leading applications, requiring specic technological solutions and has demading network requirements compared to both consumer and business average users. NREN, were born to fulll these needs, by developing innovative technologies often forerunning their commericial uptake of several years. As it happened with the creation of the Internet, NRENs are constantly developing new services and applications, afterwards adopted in other domains .

Many aspects make TERNET and the NRENs dierent from commercial network, the most promonet being the technical prole, both for infrastucture and services. NRENs are highly specialized in meeting the research’s needs, including cases where there is aneed for trailor - made solutions and for the adoption of still under development technologies. Aggregating these special user needs is the only way to permit exploiting such advanced solutions and technical excellence. Moreover, it also allows a better cost sharing and access to services for these communites. Besides being physically interconnected worldwide, NRENs also closely collaborate with each other and when developing new technologies and services, NRENs dene common specications for them.

NRENs are generally non-prot organizations, and they are not market-driven as Internet Service Provider (ISP) are. This is fundamental aspect when there is the need to support the requirements of small but scientically relevant user communities. A second key feature is the availability and capacity to closely collaborate with users: thanks to this attitude, users can actively contribute to dene and test new services, thus helping network engineers to nd the best solution to meet their needs.

TERNET network and its services are dedicated to the Tanzanian Academic and Research community. Currently about 38 user sites, including Research Organization, Universities and other Scientic and Educational Facilities of national and International relevance, overall more than 40 thousands end users are connected .

The TERNET network is a valuable tool for the whole research and education community. It facilitates all users’ daily activites and it is essential for specifc research activites in a number of scientic domains. A signicant increase is envisaged in the adoption of online computational services and

storage, e-learning platforms, services of bandwith reservation, etc. The research and Education Networks are already providing these services and promoting their adoption to the whole user community


Being part of the TERNET community enables users to play an active role in the network development and to test and adopt innovation technologies, even when the market is not mature for them. The TERNET network intends to provide: An eective support to international cooperation activites; Advanced and customized data transmission solutions, with maximun value for money; A Tanzania-wide network of trust, capable of simplifying digital authentication and authorization procedures and minimizing duplications of credentials, thus facilitating researchers’ mobility and resource sharing; Quick and transparent provision of links, especially when dealing with trailor-made solution in interdomain environments; A wide availability of public IP addresses, indispensable for some applications and services.

TERNET provides to its user community both operational and application services; the former ones are closely connected to the management and evolution of the network equipment, registration, allocation of IP4 (soon IPv6) addresses, etc. Further services in the pipeline include: Authorization Infrastructure (AAI). We are working towards distributed computing activites, currently hosting the supercomputer from DIT to increase availability.
Worldwide NRENs may take dierent legal forms. Typically, the most popular model is the non-prot, independent legal entity (company, consortium, association) indirectly controlled by the research and education community. This form ensure to NRENs a certain independence from governments, thus making the management and decision making process quicker and less bureucratic; meanwhile, this option helps reducing the NREN sta, thus contrubuting to contain the costs. The funding model signicantly varies from country, beign strictly dependent on the national context, but it always involves public money in a direct or indirect way. There is not a unique “receipt for sucess”, however it can be noticed that the direct intervention of Governments may be benecial in some cases. Direct public funding is useful when the NREN is testinbg and implementing new technologies and services, as they may require an important initial investment in infrastructures/equipment: such an investment may indeed be beyond the nancial capacities of the user communities, even when the new technology is cost-eective in the medium-long term. the same funding scheme is envisaged whenever a NREN in a start-up phase, or it operates in a developing country, with limited dedicated funding for R&D.
The need for higher bandwith and new technologies and applications are bringing NRENs towards a model based on the ownership of optical bers and the direct control of lower network layers, with major implications both in terms of management and technology. Till a few years ago, the prevailing model was based on leased circuits owned by operators to whom the management of lower network layers was delegated. On the other hand, a few advanced experiences demonstrate that Owning (or however acquiring their right of use in the longer-term) caters or more exible and scalable solutions, as well as more cost-eective ones already in the short-medium term. The ownership and direct control of the infrastructure can hence be regarded as a true paradigm shift. In a technical perspective, this implies more exibility and allow implementing, on the same physical infrastructure, diverse networks for dierent user group: a feature not available on traditional IP-only networks whose architecture is typically passive and cannot be easily modeled on the users’ requirements .
To learn more about TERNET and the evolution of the TERNET network, phase visit https://www.ternet.or.tz or send an email to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., info@ternet,or.tz.


Tanzania Education and Research Network(TERNET)
P.O. Box 95062, Ali Hassan Mwinyi Road,
Kijitonyama (Sayansi ) COSTECH Building,
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania,
Email: helpdesk@ternet.or.tz, noc@ternet.or.tz
Tel:    +255222775378